Fleet shown within Hampshire
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Postcode district||GU51, GU52|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
|UK Parliament||North East Hampshire|
Fleet is a town and civil parish in the Hart district of Hampshire, England, located 37 miles (60 km) south west of London. It is part of and is the major town of Hart District. The 2007 population forecast for Fleet was 31,687, although this does not include areas such as Elvetham Heath and Church Crookham which are considered as suburbs.1 Fleet contains the areas of Church Crookham and Elvetham Heath.
In 2011, 2012,2 and again in 20133 Hart district, of which Fleet is the main town, was voted the best place to live in the UK by the Halifax Quality of Life study, above areas such as Elmbridge in Surrey and Wokingham in Berkshire.4 This is due to the highly affluent majority of the population, better weather and health conditions, high levels of access to leisure space and the towns situation surrounded by countryside.
Fleet is locally famous for its pond, the largest freshwater lake in Hampshire, and quaint High Street with traditional Victorian and Edwardian look and its market.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Politics and administration
- 4 Education
- 5 Transport
- 6 Sport and leisure
- 7 Media
- 8 Culture
- 9 Fleet Services
- 10 Notable people
- 11 Notable Musical Groups
- 12 See also
- 13 References
- 14 External links
The site of Fleet was originally heathland in the northern part of the Crondall Hundred. The name Fleet was probably derived from the Norman French word La Flete meaning a stream or shallow water - a reference to the Fleet Pond from which fish had been taken for the monks in Winchester in Medieval times.5
The area that was to become Fleet had shallow and sandy soil, much of it boggy or covered in gorse and bracken which held little attraction to agriculture and, compared to the chalk lands in the west of the county, the Fleet area has yielded few archaeological finds.6 Isaac Taylor's Map of Hampshire (1759) shows only three habitations in the area that was later to become Fleet.5
In 1792 the Basingstoke Canal opened. The canal passed through the town site, but apart from a few inns to serve the passing trade it had little effect on the locality. Apart from the Farnham to Reading road, the site remained largely undeveloped until the construction of the London and South Western Railway, which opened in 1840. In that year a church - Christ Church that was to become the heart of the new ecclesiastial parish of Ewshot and Crookham was built midway between the villages of Crookham and Ewshot. This parish included the area that was to become the town of Fleet. The railway company promoted Fleet Pond for a destination for day excursions and many people came down from London to skate on the Pond during the winter. This attracted a number of gentry, particularly retired army officers, who moved to the area bounded by Fleet Road, Elvetham Road and Reading Road North7 and laid the foundations of what was to become known locally as "The Blue Triangle".
By 1860 Charles Lefroy, a local squire, commissioned All Saints Church, Fleet - in the Blue Triangle area in memory of his wife who had died in 1857. The architect was William Burges. The ecclesiastical parish of Ewshot and Crookam was split into two in 1862 with the northern section based on the All Saints church, becoming the new parish of Fleet. The development of Fleet accelerated when the land to the south east of the Blue Triangle was sold for development in 1882 which, unlike the Blue Triangle, was laid out in a grid pattern. Thus it is that there are few very old buildings in Fleet, with much of the modern town formed around Victorian buildings.
Under the Local Government Act 1894 many of the duties that had previously been shouldered by the ecclesiastical parishes were transferred to new civil parish and Crookham, Fleet and Crondall each gained an elected parish council. In 1904 the civil parish of Crookham was split into two - Crookham Village and Church Crookham with Church Crookham and Fleet Rural Parish being merged to form the Fleet and Church Crookham Urban District.
As in many parts of Britain, there was a building boom between the First and Second World Wars. Fleet also contains structures built in the 1960s such as the line of shops on the left of the picture below.
Fleet has expanded in the past few decades with new residential areas being built at Ancells Farm, Zebon Copse (in neighbouring Church Crookham) and Elvetham Heath. Completed in 2008,8 Elvetham Heath is one of the UK's largest new housing developments, and will add some 5,000 inhabitants to Fleet's population, bringing its total population up to around 36,000, a 20% increase in less than a decade.
Two earlier developments in Fleet involved the opening of a new shopping centre, the Hart Shopping Centre, which was opened officially by HRH The Duchess Of York in 1991. On the same day, she attended the opening of the Hart Leisure Centre on Hitches Lane (towards Church Crookham). The shopping centre was itself developed further in 2001-2.
Although Fleet has traditionally been a dormitory town housing commuters to London, it now has several business parks, mainly occupied by Information Technology companies.
A plan to add a new multiplex cinema was abandoned, a gym was built on the proposed site instead.
Areas and suburbs of the town are Pondtail, Ancells Park and Elvetham Heath. The villages of Crookham Village and Church Crookham have also grown to be contiguous with the town. Immediately surrounding towns and villages include Winchfield, Dogmersfield, Crondall, Ewshot, and Hartley Wintney.
The Fleet Pond nature reserve is a notable beauty spot on the northern edge of the town. The 'pond' itself is in fact the largest freshwater lake in Hampshire. In times past, the lake has frozen over permitting skating. Fleet can be reached from London and Southampton via the M3 motorway, the nearest junction being 4A. Fleet services on the M3 lies at the edge of the town. Its main road, Fleet Road, runs through the town centre from south-west to north-east. Fleet railway station is on the Waterloo to Southampton main line; the train service is run by South West Trains. Journey time to Waterloo is about 50 minutes, express trains do the journey in under 40 minutes. There are small airports nearby at Blackbushe Airport and Farnborough Airfield. The Basingstoke Canal, built at the end of the eighteenth century, connected Fleet to Basingstoke and, in the other direction, London via the Wey navigation. By the early twentieth century, it had fallen into disrepair, but the section between the Wey Navigation and the Greywell Tunnel (midway between Fleet and Basingstoke) has since been restored by volunteers and is maintained as a leisure facility.9
Along with the rest of South East England, Fleet has a temperate climate which is generally wetter and warmer than the rest of the country. The annual mean temperature is approximately 9 °C (48.2 °F) and shows a seasonal and a diurnal variation. January is the coldest month with mean minimum temperatures between 0.5 °C (32.9 °F) and 2 °C (35.6 °F). July is the warmest month in the area with average daily maxima around 21 °C (69.8 °F).10
Fleet is administered by Hart District Council and Hampshire County Council.11 The parliamentary constituency is North East Hampshire. In April 2010 some of the responsibilities of Hart District Council were devolved to three12 new parish councils: Fleet Town Council,13 Elvetham Heath Parish Council14 and Church Crookham Parish Council.15
Fleet and Church Crookham (which is a suburban village of the town) is divided into the following wards:
- Fleet Central: which covers the town centre and oldest areas of the town.
- Fleet Courtmoor: east of the Basingstoke Canal.
- Fleet North: predominantly the Elvetham Heath estate.
- Fleet West: the western side of Fleet, including part of Church Crookham.
- Church Crookham East: the northern and eastern parts of Church Crookham, with some parts of eastern Fleet.
- Church Crookham West: the southern and western parts of Church Crookham
The town has a number of schools including:
- Crookham CE Infants
- Fleet Infants
- Heatherside Infants
- Heatherside Juniors16
- All Saints17
- Tavistock Infant School18
- Elvetham Heath Primary School
- Church Crookham Juniors
- Tweseldown Infants
- Calthorpe Park School20
- Court Moor School
- St Nicholas' School (independent, girls-only)
Fleet is served by Fleet railway station.
Fleet is the home of the North Hants Golf Club. For over a 100yrs, it has been a top ranked course in Hampshire and nationally. Today it is well known as the home of the world-class golfer, Justin Rose. Fleet has three Non-League football teams Fleet Town F.C. who play at Calthorpe Park, Fleet Spurs F.C. who play at Kennels Lane, and Fleet Albion, who play at Dippenhall St., Crondall.
Fleet has a half marathon commonly used in preparation for the London marathon.
The Hart Leisure Centre is the primary local government-run sports and leisure centre in the town. It contains a 25-metre swimming pool, a teaching pool, large gym, two sports halls and a number of studios and squash courts.
The local press are the Fleet News & Mail, a broadsheet available in local shops, and the Surrey-Hants Star Courier, a free tabloid delivered to the door. The local BBC TV news is BBC South Today. Fleet is covered on BBC Radio by BBC Surrey, which covers North-East Hampshire additionally, and independently by 96.4 Eagle Radio.
The biggest events in the town's calendar are the summer Carnival,and the switching on of the Christmas lights as December approaches (known as Fleet Festivities), usually the last Wednesday in November.
The Fleet Half Marathon, Fleet 10K and Elvetham Heath Car Show are other primary events in the town.
A market takes place every Saturday in the Town Centre.
Fleet Services is a motorway service station on the M3 and is owned by Welcome Break.It was originally the only service station on the M3, before Winchester Services was built in 2001.
- The actress Juliet Aubrey was born in Fleet in 1969.
- The musician Tim Battersby was born in Fleet in 1949.
- The actress Raquel Cassidy was born in Fleet in 1968.
- The musician and author Alan Clayson grew up in Fleet.21
- The professional tennis player John Feaver was born in Fleet in 1952.
- The Formula Renault UK driver Jeremy Metcalfe was born in Fleet in 1988.
- The golfer Justin Rose learned golf at the North Hants Golf Club in Fleet.
- The art critic and man of letters, John Russell, was born in Fleet in 1919.22
- The band The Clientele grew up and formed in Fleet.citation needed
- The late 1980s pop group Jim Jiminee originated from Fleet.citation needed
- Hampshire County Council, 2007 Population forecasts
- UK's most desirable place - BBC http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-20816479
- Hart in Hampshire revealed as UK's most desirable place - BBC http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-25474188
- Quality of Life article - Guardian http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2011/dec/24/north-hampshire-quality-life-survey
- Roe, Ted (1975). Mainly about Old Fleet and Crookham.
- Wright, Tony (March 2012). "17 February 2012 - Archaeology in North Hampshire - David Allen, keeper of Archaeology, Hampshire". Fleet and Crookham Local History Group Newsletter (77). Meeting reports.
- Hart District Council & Atkins Ltd - Fleet Town Centre Urban Design Framework - Fleet Town Centre Analysis Report November 2006
- UK (2012-12-18). "New Homes for Sale | Persimmon Homes". Elvethamheath.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
- "Where is the Basingtoke Canal?". Surrey & Hampshire Canal Society — Guardians of the Basingstoke Canal. 2004. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
- "About south-east England". Met Office. Retrieved 22 March 2010.
- Hampshire County Council - Fleet
- New Parish Councils
- Fleet Parish Council website
- Elvetham Heath Parish Council website
- Church Crookham Parish Council website
- Ofsted report for Heatherside
- Ofsted report for All Saints
- Ofsted report for Tavistock Infant School
- Ofsted report for Velmead
- Ofsted report for Calthorpe Park School
- "An unedited interview for "Your Dover" (10th October 2007), a newspaper local to Alan's place of birth". Alan Clayson. Retrieved 12 June 2013.
- Lambirth, Andrew (23 July 1992). "Obituary: John Bratby". The Independent. Obituary. Retrieved 12 June 2013.