French frigate Néréide (1779)

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For other ships of the same name, see French ship Néréide and HMS Nereide.
Capture of Nereide.jpg
Capture of Néréide by HMS Phoebe, on 20 December 1797, Thomas Whitcombe, 1816, in the National Maritime Museum
Career (France) French Navy Ensign French Navy Ensign French Navy Ensign
Name: Néréide
Namesake: Nereid
Builder: Saint Malo, constructeur: Geoffroy, to plans by Sané
Laid down: October 1778
Launched: 31 May 1779
Commissioned: August 1779
Fate: captured on 20 December 1797
Career (UK) Royal Navy Ensign
Name: Nereide
Acquired: 20 December 1797
Honours and
awards:
Naval General Service Medal with clasp "1 May Boat Service 1810"1
Captured: 23 August 1810
Fate: captured
Career (France) French Navy Ensign
Name: Néréide
Acquired: 23 August 1810 by capture
Captured: 3 December 1810
Fate: Sold 1 March 1816
General characteristics 23
Class and type: Sybille-class
Displacement: 1,100 tons (French)
Length: 43.91 m (144.1 ft) (overall)
39.14 m (128.4 ft) (keel)
Beam: 11.21 m (36.8 ft)
Draught: 5.36 m (17.6 ft) (laden)
Propulsion: Sail
Complement: French service:290 British service:254
Armament: French service:

Gundeck:26 x 12-pounder gusn
Spar deck:6 x 6-pounder guns
British service:
Upper deck: 26 × 12-pounder guns
QD:12 x 24-pounder carronades

Fc:4 x 24-pounder carronades
Armour: Timber

The Néréide was a Sybille class 32-gun, copper-hulled, frigate of the French Navy. On 22 December 1797 HMS Phoebe captured her and she was taken into British service as HMS Nereide. The French recaptured her at the Battle of Grand Port, only to lose her again when the British took Isle de France (now Mauritius), in 1810. After the Battle of Grand Port she was in such a poor condition that she was laid up and sold for breaking up in 1816.

French service

On 6 June 1780, along with Zodiaque (74 guns), she captured a British privateer, the 10-gun cutter Prince of Wales off Madeira. She was part of the fleet of Lamotte-Picquet that sailed from Brest and on 2 May 1781 captured 18 ships in a convoy from Sint Eustatius. In 1782 she served in the Caribbean under Vaudreuil.

From 1788, she served off Africa. She then underwent a refit in Rochefort in October 1794.

On 20 December 1797 she was sailing off the Isles of Scilly under the command of Lieutenant de Vaisseau Chassériau when she encountered Phoebe. After exchanging broadsides with Phoebe for about an hour and a half, Néréide struck. She had suffered 20 killed and 55 wounded; Phoebe had suffered three men killed and 10 wounded. Although the French vessel had a larger crew, she had a substantially lighter broadside (12-pdrs versus 18-pdrs) and this proved decisive. She entered into British service as HMS Nereide.

British service

In the morning of 1 March 1800, Nereide saw five sail and made towards them. They were five well-armed French privateers, but they scattered as she approached. Nereide lost sight of them until the next morning when she re-encountered one. After a pursuit of 12 hours and 123 miles, Nereide captured the French privateer Vengeance, pierced for 18 guns but carrying sixteen 12-pounders and 174 men. Vengeance had left Bordeaux on 26 February and then had joined the Bellona (twenty-four 12-pounder guns, six 36-pounder carronades, and 420 men), Favorite (sixteen 8-pounder guns and 120 men), Huron (sixteen 6-pounder guns and 187 men), and the schooner Terrailluse (fourteen 6-pounder guns and 80 men).4

The next day (3 March), Nereide recaptured the American ship Perseverance, of Baltimore, which was carrying a cargo valued at £30,000.4 Then on 17 March Nereide recaptured the Lord Nelson.5

Nereide, Phoebe, and Kangaroo shared in the proceeds of the capture, on 5 June of the Eagle.6

On 11 September Watkins sailed to Curaçao to forestall the French from taking it. Then on 13 September he took possession and signed the terms of capitulation on behalf of the British.7

On 25 November 1806 Nereide was under the command of Captain Robert Corbett when she captured the Spanish privateer Brilliante, a privateer lugger of four guns with a crew of 50. She was two days out of Vigo and provisioned for a cruise of four months. Corbett was particularly pleased at the capture as she had not yet captured anything, but there were several sail in sight when Nereide commenced her pursuit.8

On 15 July 1808 Nereide, Otter, and Charwell shared in the capture of the French brig Lucie, and her cargo of slaves.Note 1 In December Nereide captured the French brig Gobe Mouche after a chase on the morning of the 18th. She was pierced for 12 guns but had thrown most overboard during the chase. She was under the command of Enseigne de vaisseau provisoir Sugor, and was sailing from the Seychelles to Port Louis with dispatches. She threw them overboard, but Nereide‍ '​s boat crew was able to retrieve a considerable part of them. Gobe Mouche had a complement of 80 men, but had only 30 on board when captured as she had had to man a number of prizes on her previous cruise.10Note 2Note 3

In 1809, Nereide served as convoy escort. In September, still under the command of Corbett, she played a critical part in the Raid on Saint Paul at Île Bourbon (now Réunion). There Nereide and the landing party captured the frigate Caroline, and recovered the East Indiamen Streatham and Europa, and the 14-gun Bombay Marine brig Grappler.14 The British also captured some merchant vessels and destroyed several forts and batteries.

In 1810 Nereide came under the command of Captain William Gordon, and then Captain Nesbit Josiah Willoughby.3

In March 1810, Nereide joined HMS Iphigenia, Leopard and Magicienne off Isle de France. On 1 May Nereide sent in her boats, under Willoughby's personal command, into the bay at Jacotet (or Jacotel). They captured the 4-gun packet schooner Estafette, spiked the guns of two forts, and two field pieces, captured several prisoners, and destroyed some buildings. On board Estafette the British also found 600 pieces of mail that provided an insight into the state of the French colony. Nereide had one man killed and seven wounded.15 In 1847 the Admiralty issued the Naval General Service Medal with clasp "1 May Boat Service 1810" to all surviving claimants from the action.

Then on 2 June, Nereide intercepted and captured near the Cape the 1-gun schooner-aviso Mouche No. 23, which had come out from France. On 30 August, Astrée recaptured Mouche No.23.

Next, Willoughby and Nereide were at the invasion of Île Bonaparte, which took place between 7 and 9 July. Willoughby led the amphibious assault in Estafette to secure the beach and organise the landing forces. However as Estafette approached the beach the wind strengthened and built up a powerful surf, which smashed the schooner ashore with enough force to break her and the accompanying boats apart: four of the 150-strong landing party were drowned.

Recapture

HMS Nereide at the Battle of Grand Port

Nereide was under the command of Captain Willoughby when she took part in the Battle of Grand Port on 28 August 1810. There she was severely battered and eventually captured.

The French took Nereide into service but it is not clear that she had any officers or crew. The British captured her in December 1810 after their successful invasion of Isle de France on 4 December 1810. All her former British officers and crew were in prison ships at Grand Port and qualified for the prize money that followed the capture of the island.Note 4

Fate

Nereide was in such a bad shape that she was laid up. She was sold at Port Louis on 1 March 1816 for breaking up.3

Notes, citations, and references

Notes

  1. ^ A first-class share of the bounty-money was worth £8 16sd; a sixth-class share, that of an ordinary seaman, was worth 3s 1d.9
  2. ^ Some French records give the vessel's name as Gobe-Mouches. She was launched and stationed at Port Louis, Île de France. She had been designed or built by Grisard as a schooner of eight 12-pounder cannons, was launched in 1806, and commissioned on 1 April 1806.11 From Île de France she cruised the Indian Ocean, the Red Sea, and the Persian Gulf before her capture.12
  3. ^ Gobe Mouche had on board a large (207-pound) tortoise (testudo elephantaopus) from the Seychelles for General de Caen, the governor of Isle de France (Mauritius). Admiral Bertie, who commanded at the Cape of Good Hope, sent it to England, where it survived only until 1810 at Petworth House.13
  4. ^ A first-class share was worth £278 19sd; a sixth-class share, that of an ordinary seaman, was worth £3 7s 6¼d.16 A fourth and final payment was made in July 1828. A first-class share was worth £29 19s 5¼d; a sixth-class share was worth 8s 2½d.17

Citations

  1. ^ The London Gazette: no. 20939. p. 247. 26 January 1849.
  2. ^ Winfield and Roberts (2015 forthcoming), Chap. 5.
  3. ^ a b c Winfield (20080, Chap. 5.
  4. ^ a b The London Gazette: no. 15237. pp. 239–240. 8 April 1800.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 15246. p. 350. 8 April 1800.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 15331. p. 119. 24 January 1801.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 15314. pp. 1330–1333. 25 November 1800.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 16000. p. 193. 14 February 1807.
  9. ^ The London Gazette: no. 17279. p. 1812. 23 August 1817.
  10. ^ The London Gazette: no. 16241. p. 419. 28 March 1809.
  11. ^ Winfield and Roberts (2015 forthcoming), Chap. 8.
  12. ^ Fonds, Vol. 1, p.377.
  13. ^ Catalogue of the contents of the Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons in London, Vol. 6, p.198. Printed by R. Taylor, 1853.
  14. ^ The London Gazette: no. 16341. pp. 213–214. 10 January 1810.
  15. ^ Marshall (1828), Supplement, Part 2, pp.149-152.
  16. ^ The London Gazette: no. 16938. p. 1923. 24 September 1814.
  17. ^ The London Gazette: no. 18487. pp. 1376–1377. 15 July 1828.

References

  • Fonds Marine. Campagnes (opérations ; divisions et stations navales ; missions diverses). Inventaire de la sous-série Marine BB4. Tome premier : BB4 210 à 482 (1805-1826) [1]
  • Marshall, John (1823-1835) Royal naval biography, or, Memoirs of the services of all the flag-officers, superannuated rear-admirals, retired-captains, post-captains, and commanders, whose names appeared on the Admiralty list of sea officers at the commencement of the present year 1823, or who have since been promoted ... (London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme and Brown).
  • Roche, Jean-Michel (2005). Dictionnaire des bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nos jours, 1671 - 1870. Group Retozel-Maury Millau. pp. 325–6. ISBN 978-2-9525917-0-6. OCLC 165892922. 
  • Winfield, Rif (2008). British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793–1817: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth. ISBN 1-86176-246-1. 
  • Winfield, Rif & Stephen S Roberts (2015 Forthcoming) French Warships in the Age of Sail 1786 - 1862: Design Construction, Careers and Fates. (Seaforth Publishing). ISBN 9781848322042
  • Winfield, Rif & Stephen S Roberts (2015 Forthcoming) French Warships in the Age of Sail 1786 - 1862: Design Construction, Careers and Fates. (Seaforth Publishing). ISBN 9781848322042

See also