Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport

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Guangzhou Baiyun
International Airport

广州白云国际机场
Guǎngzhōu Báiyún Guójì Jīchǎng
Baiyun airport logo.svg
Guangzhou Baiyun Airport 2.JPG
IATA: CANICAO: ZGGG
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport Co. Ltd.
Serves Guangzhou, China
Hub for China Southern Airlines
FedEx Express
Elevation AMSL 15 m / 49 ft
Coordinates 23°23′33″N 113°17′56″E / 23.39250°N 113.29889°E / 23.39250; 113.29889Coordinates: 23°23′33″N 113°17′56″E / 23.39250°N 113.29889°E / 23.39250; 113.29889
Website GBIA
Map
CAN is located in Guangdong
CAN
CAN
Location in Guangdong Province
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
02L/20R 3,600 11,811 Concrete
02R/20L 3,800 12,467 Concrete
3,800 12,467 Under Construction
Statistics (2013)
Passenger volume 52,450,262
Cargo (metric tonnes) 1,309,745
Aircraft movements 394,403
Sources: Statistics from CAAC1
Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport
Traditional Chinese 廣州白雲國際機場
Simplified Chinese 广州白云国际机场

Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport (IATA: CANICAO: ZGGG) is the main airport of Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong province, China. Both airport codes were inherited from the old airport, and the IATA code reflects Guangzhou's former romanization Canton. It is the main hub of China Southern Airlines and a focus city for Shenzhen Airlines and Hainan Airlines.

In 2013, Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport was China's second busiest and world's 16th busiest airport by passenger traffic, with 52,450,262 passengers handled. As for cargo traffic, the airport was the third busiest in China and the 18th busiest worldwide. Baiyun airport was also the second busiest airport in China in terms of aircraft movements.

Overview

The airport is located in Guangzhou's Baiyun District and Huadu District and opened on August 5, 2004 as a replacement for the 72-year-old, identically named old airport, which is now closed. Built at a cost of 19.8 billion yuan, the new airport, is 28 kilometres (17 mi) north of downtown Guangzhou and nearly five times larger than its predecessor. "Baiyun" (白云) means "white cloud" in Chinese and refers to the Baiyun Mountain (Baiyunshan), near the former airport even though the mountain is much closer to downtown Guangzhou than it is to the new airport. It is also referred to as "New Baiyun" to distinguish it from the previous airport, but this is not a part of the official name.

Once commissioned, the New Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport overcame most of the problems associated with the old and dilapidated airport including limited space, overcrowding and a lack of room for expansion. Former curfews and restrictions did not apply to the new airport so it could operate 24-hours a day, allowing China Southern Airlines to maximise intercontinental route utilisation with overnight flights. Other airlines also benefit from the removal of previous restrictions.

Baiyun International Airport is served by the Airport South Station on Line 3 of the Guangzhou Metro.

Future development

In August 2008, the airport's expansion plan was approved by the National Development and Reform Commission.2

It includes a third runway, 3800 metres in length and 60 metres in width, located 400 metres to the east of the existing east runway. The centrepiece of the project is a 531,000-square-metre Terminal 2, equivalent to the current terminal building in size. Other facilities include new indoor and outdoor car parks, a transportation centre with metro and inter-city train services. The total cost of the entire project will be around ¥18.854 billion. Construction of the third runway began in 2011 and due to be completed in 2014. The whole project including the new terminal is estimated to be finished in 2018, by which time the airport will be able to handle 80 million passengers and 2.5 million tonnes of cargo a year.3

Data

  • Runways: 2—3,800 metres (12,500 ft) and 3,600 metres (11,800 ft)
  • Aircraft parking bays: 173 (passenger apron and cargo apron)4
  • Current passenger capacity: 45 million passengers per year
    • Planned passenger capacity in 2020: 80 million passengers per year3
  • Current cargo capacity: 1 million tonnes
    • Planned cargo capacity in 2020: 2.5 million tonnes3
  • Destinations: 100 (mostly domestic)
  • Branch airports: Jieyang, Meizhou, Zhanjiang

Terminal

The terminal has A and B boarding areas. For A gates, there are A101-A133, A01-A04, A07-A10, and A13-A18. For B gates, there are B201-B235, B01-B04, B07-B10, and B13-B18. The A boarding area is on the east concourse, and the B boarding area is on the west concourse. Each of the boarding areas have three smaller concourses. The A area is divided into East 1-East 3. The B area is divided into West 1-West 3. East 1 is the only concourse that serves international flights. It has gates A101-A112 and A01-A04. East 2, East 3, and West 1-West 3 all serve domestic flights. East 2 has gates A113-A123 and A07-A11. East 3 has gates A124-A133 and A13-A18. West 1 has gates B201-B213 and B01-B04. West 2 has gates B214-B223 and B07-B10. West 3 has gates B224-B235 and B13-B18. East and West 3 were built in late 2010. Because of this, all of the gates at Baiyun Airport had to be renamed.

Airlines and destinations

Drop off zone outside Terminal 1
Interior of
Terminal 1
The departure lobby of Terminal 1
The transporting system
Air China Boeing 737-800 taxiing at Guangzhou International Airport.
Airlines Destinations
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo
Air China Beijing-Capital, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dazhou, Guangyuan, Guiyang, Hangzhou, Hohhot, Luzhou, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Tianjin, Wanzhou, Wuhan, Yibin, Yuncheng
Air China
operated by Dalian Airlines
Dalian
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Air Madagascar Antananarivo, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi
AirAsia Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur
All Nippon Airways Tokyo-Narita
Asiana Airlines Busan, Seoul-Incheon
Beijing Capital Airlines Chengdu, Chongqing, Haikou, Hangzhou, Lijiang, Sanya
Cambodia Angkor Air Phnom Penh, Siem Reap
Cebu Pacific Manila
Chengdu Airlines Chengdu
China Airlines Taipei-Taoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Baoshan, Hangzhou, Hefei, Huai'an, Jinan, Kunming, Lijiang, Mangshi, Nanchang, Nanjing, Ningbo, Ordos, Qingdao, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Taiyuan, Taizhou, Tengchong, Tianjin, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xi'an, Xichang, Xishuangbanna, Yinchuan
China Southern Airlines Anqing, Anshun, Baotou, Beihai, Beijing-Capital, Bijie, Changchun, Changsha, Changzhi, Changzhou, Chengdu, Chizhou, Chongqing, Dali, Dalian, Daqing, Datong, Diqing, Enshi, Frankfurt,5 Fuyang, Fuzhou, Ganzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Handan, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hefei, Hohhot, Huaihua, Huangshan, Jiamusi, Jieyang, Jinan, Jinggangshan, Jining, Jiujiang, Jiuzhaigou, Kashgar, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Lianyungang, Libo, Lijiang, Liping, Luoyang, Meixian, Mianyang, Mudanjiang, Nagoya-Centrair, Nanchang, Nanchong, Nanjing, Nanning, Nantong, Nanyang, Ningbo, Ordos, Qianjiang, Qingdao, Qiqihar, Sanya, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Shenyang, Shijiazhuang, Taiyuan, Tengchong, Tianjin, Tongliao, Tongren, Urumqi, Weihai, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xiangyang, Xilinhot, Xingyi, Xining, Xuzhou, Yancheng, Yantai, Yangzhou, Yanji, Yichang, Yichun, Yinchuan, Yiwu, Yulin, Zhangjiajie, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou, Zunyi
China Southern Airlines Amsterdam, Auckland, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Brisbane, Busan,6 Chiang Mai, Delhi, Denpasar/Bali,7 Da Nang, Dhaka, Dubai-International, Fukuoka, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Kathmandu, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Malé, Manila, Melbourne, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, New York-JFK (begins 6 August 2014),8 Osaka-Kansai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Penang, Perth, Phnom Penh, Phuket, Seoul-Incheon, Siem Reap, Singapore, Sydney, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tokyo-Narita, Vancouver, Yangon
Seasonal: Cairns, Koh Samui, Langkawi, Sapporo
China Southern Airlines
operated by Chongqing Airlines
Chongqing
China United Airlines Beijing-Nanyuan, Hangzhou, Shijiazhuang
Dragonair Hong Kong
EgyptAir Cairo
Emirates Dubai-International
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa
EVA Air Kaohsiung, Taipei-Taoyuan
Garuda Indonesia Jakarta-Soekarno Hatta
Hainan Airlines Baise, Beijing-Capital, Chongqing, Dalian, Dongying, Fuzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hefei, Jinzhou, Nanchang, Nanjing, Ningbo, Qingdao, Sanya, Shenyang, Taiyuan, Tangshan, Tianjin, Urumqi, Weifang, Wenzhou, Wuhai, Xiamen, Xi'an, Yan'an, Yichang, Yinchuan
Hainan Airlines Taipei-Taoyuan
Hebei Airlines Shijiazhuang
Japan Airlines Tokyo-Narita
Juneyao Airlines Shanghai-Hongqiao
Kenya Airways Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi (ends 1 August 2014),9 Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon
Charter: Jeju
Kunming Airlines Kunming
Lao Airlines Vientiane
Mahan Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur
Myanmar Airways International Yangon
Okay Airways Tianjin
Orient Thai Airlines Bangkok-Don Mueang
Philippine Airlines Manila
Qatar Airways Doha
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh
Shandong Airlines Jinan, Qingdao, Wuyishan, Yantai
Shanghai Airlines Hangzhou, Nanjing, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Wenzhou, Xiamen
Shenzhen Airlines Baotou, Changchun, Changzhou, Chengdu, Dalian, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin, Hefei, Hohhot, Jingdezhen, Jinan, Kunming, Lanzhou, Linyi, Nanchang, Nanjing, Nanning, Nantong, Qingdao, Quanzhou, Shenyang, Taizhou, Tianjin, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xi'an, Xiamen, Xining, Yinchuan, Zhengzhou, Zhoushan
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu, Chongqing, Yinchuan
Sichuan Airlines Charter: Saipan
Singapore Airlines Singapore
Spring Airlines Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shijiazhuang
SriLankan Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Colombo
T'way Airlines Charter : Jeju
Tajik Air Dushanbe 10
Thai AirAsia Bangkok-Don Mueang
Thai Airways Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi
Tigerair Singapore
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Ataturk
Uni Air Taichung
Ural Airlines Irkutsk, Novosibirsk
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City,
Charter: Da Nang
West Air (China) Chongqing
Xiamen Airlines Fuzhou, Quanzhou, Wuyishan, Xiamen
Zhejiang Loong Airlines Hangzhou 11
Countries served by flights from Baiyun International Airport (includes seasonal, charter and future destinations).

Cargo

FedEx Asia-Pacific hub

On July 13, 2005, FedEx Express signed a contract with the airport authority to relocate its Asia-Pacific hub from Subic Bay International Airport in the Philippines to Baiyun airport. The new Asia-Pacific hub covers an area of approximate 63 hectares (160 acres), with a total floor space of 82,000 square metres (880,000 sq ft).12 At the beginning of operation, the hub employed more than 800 people and operated 136 flights a week, providing delivery services among 20 major cities in Asia and linking these cities to more than 220 countries and territories in the world .13 The Guangzhou hub was, at the time of the opening, the largest FedEx hub outside the United States,12 but it was later surpassed by the expanded hub at Paris' Charles de Gaulle Airport.14

The hub has its own ramp control tower, a first for an international air express cargo company facility in China, which enables FedEx to control aircraft movements on the ground, aircraft parking plans as well as loading and unloading priorities. Included at the hub are a unique package and sorting system with 16 high-speed sorting lines, seven round-out conveyor belts and 90 primary and secondary document-sorting splits. With the new advanced system, up to 24,000 packages can be sorted an hour at the start of operations.15

Construction began in 2006 and the hub was originally scheduled to open on December 26, 2008. On November 17, 2008, after several months of testing, FedEx announced that the opening date was delayed to the first half of 2009 when the hub was expected to be fully operational. FedEx claimed that the revised operation date "provided FedEx with the necessary time to fully test all systems and processes, as well as work closely with the Guangzhou authorities to ensure all necessary approvals are in place".15

On December 17, 2008, the hub completed its first flight operations test. A FedEx MD-11 aircraft took off from Subic Bay International Airport in the Philippines and landed at Baiyun Airport at 5:50 am. The flight was handled by the new FedEx hub team, using the FedEx ramp control tower and the new 24,000 package per hour sort system. Following a successful operations' process, the flight departed on time for its final destination at Charles de Gaulle Airport in Paris, France. This Asia-Europe flight route operated four times per week during test run. FedEx also announced that the hub would start operation on February 6, 2009.16

FedEx closed its 13-year-old Asia-Pacific hub at Subic Bay of northern Philippines on February 6, 2009 with the last flight leaving for Taiwan just before dawn, while hub operations have moved to Baiyun Airport.17 The first flight that arrived at the new FedEx Asia-Pacific hub originated from Indianapolis International Airport. The MD-11 aircraft landed at 11:07 pm at Baiyun International Airport from Charles de Gaulle International Airport in Paris, marking the opening and full operations of the new Asia-Pacific hub.18

Cargo airlines

Airlines Destinations
ANA Cargo Tokyo-Narita,19 Okinawa20
Asiana Cargo Seoul-Incheon
China Airlines Cargo Taipei-Taoyuan
China Postal Airlines Shanghai-Hongqiao, Nanjing
China Southern Cargo Amsterdam, Los Angeles,21 Frankfurt,22 Taipei-Taoyuan, Chongqing, Qingdao, Vienna,23 Zhengzhou
Emirates SkyCargo Dubai Al-Maktoum
Etihad Crystal Cargo Abu Dhabi 24
EVA Air Cargo Taipei-Taoyuan
FedEx Express Almaty, Anchorage, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Cebu, Chengdu, Clark, Cologne, Delhi, Dubai, Frankfurt, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Kuala Lumpur, Manila, Mumbai, Osaka-Kansai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Penang, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Singapore, Subic Bay, Sydney, Tokyo-Narita
Korean Air Cargo Seoul-Incheon
Lufthansa Cargo Chongqing, Krasnoyarsk, Delhi, Frankfurt
Martinair-KLM Dammam, Sharjah 25
MASkargo Kuala Lumpur
Saudia Cargo Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Brussels, Riyadh
SF Airlines Beijing-Capital26
Turkish Airlines Cargo Almaty, Bishkek, Delhi, Istanbul, Tashkent
UPS Airlines Anchorage, Honolulu, Ontario, Seoul-Incheon, Sydney, Tokyo-Narita
Yangtze River Express Dhaka, Hangzhou, Nanning, Taipei-Taoyuan, Xiamen

See also

References

  1. ^ "2013年全国机场生产统计公报". Civil Aviation Administration of China. 2014-03-24.  (Chinese)
  2. ^ "Baiyun Airport expansion project receives approval from NDRC". AvBuyer.com.cn. 2008-08-24. Retrieved 2008-08-26. 
  3. ^ a b c "白云机场高管谈扩建二期项目融资方案待定". Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport. 2013-05-29. Retrieved 2013-11-06.  (Chinese)
  4. ^ "在2011年广州地区交通邮电单位协调联席会议上的讲话" (in Simplified Chinese). 广州市交通委员会. 2011-01-04. Retrieved 2011-01-23. 
  5. ^ "China Southern to Launch Frankfurt Service from late-June 2014". Airline Route. 4 March 2014. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  6. ^ "China Southern to Start Guangzhou - Busan Service from July 2014". Airline Route. 18 May 2014. Retrieved 18 May 2014. 
  7. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2013/09/18/cz-candps-w13/
  8. ^ "China Southern to Start New York JFK Service from August 2014". Airline Route. 3 January 2014. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  9. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2014/03/27/kq-asia-aug14/
  10. ^ ""Таджик Эйр" будет выполнять полеты по маршруту Душанбе-Гуанчжоу". Xinhuanet by Xinhua News Agency. 3 April 2014. Retrieved 3 April 2014. 
  11. ^ http://www.loongair.cn/loongB2C/html/20131227/7520131227123237.html
  12. ^ a b "FedEx Expands Leadership in Asia Pacific with Plan to Build Region's Largest Air Cargo Hub in Guangzhou, China" (Press release). FedEx. 2005-07-13. Retrieved 2008-09-04. 
  13. ^ "FedEx Express Guangzhou Hub Fact Sheet" (Press release). FedEx. May 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-19. 
  14. ^ "The Roissy-Charles de Gaulle (CDG) Hub" (Press release). FedEx. February 2010. Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  15. ^ a b "New FedEx Asia-Pacific Hub Prepares for Opening" (Press release). FedEx. 2008-11-17. Retrieved 2008-11-18. 
  16. ^ "FedEx Initiates Flight Operations Test at its New Asia Pacific Hub in Baiyun International Airport in Guangzhou" (Press release). FedEx. 2008-12-17. Retrieved 2008-12-19. 
  17. ^ "FedEx closes hub in Philippines". AFP. 2009-02-06. Retrieved 2009-02-07. 
  18. ^ "FedEx Express Opens New Asia Pacific Hub in Guangzhou, China" (Press release). FedEx. 2009-02-09. Retrieved 2009-02-19. 
  19. ^ http://www.ana.co.jp/cargo/en/int/news/schedule/2013/131206.html
  20. ^ http://www.ana.co.jp/pr/13_1012/13-137.html
  21. ^ "New cargo flight to Los Angeles - People's Daily Online". English.peopledaily.com.cn. 2010-07-23. Retrieved 2010-08-09. 
  22. ^ China Southern begins Guangzhou-Frankfurt freighter service | Air Cargo World News. Aircargoworld.com (2013-07-25). Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
  23. ^ http://www.aircargonews.net/news/single-view/news/china-southern-airlines-adds-vienna-to-b777-200-frankfurt-freighter.html
  24. ^ Etihad Cargo to Launch Abu Dhabi-Guangzhou Service. JOC (2013-07-30). Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
  25. ^ MP Cargo winter 2012 timetable
  26. ^ 图片 顺丰快递7月1日新开通“广州——北京航线” 民航新闻 民航资源网. News.carnoc.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.

External links