Healdsburg, California

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City of Healdsburg
City
A historic building two blocks from the downtown plaza
A historic building two blocks from the downtown plaza
Location in Sonoma County and the State of California
Location in Sonoma County and the State of California
Coordinates: 38°37′3″N 122°51′59″W / 38.61750°N 122.86639°W / 38.61750; -122.86639Coordinates: 38°37′3″N 122°51′59″W / 38.61750°N 122.86639°W / 38.61750; -122.86639
Country United States
State  California
County Sonoma
Founded 18571
Incorporated February 20, 18672
Founded by Harmon Heald
Government
 • Type Council-manager
 • Mayor Eric Ziedrich
 • Vice Mayor Jim Wood 
 • City Manager Marjie Pettus
Area3
 • Total 4.464 sq mi (11.561 km2)
 • Land 4.457 sq mi (11.543 km2)
 • Water 0.007 sq mi (0.018 km2)  0.15%
Elevation4 105 ft (32 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 11,254
 • Density 2,500/sq mi (970/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 95448
Area code(s) 707
FIPS code 06-33056
GNIS feature ID 277530
Demonym Healdsburgers
Website cityofhealdsburg.net

Healdsburg is a city located in Sonoma County, California, in the United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city had a population of 11,254. Healdsburg is a commercial center for northern Sonoma County as well as being one of Northern California's wine capitals: three of the most important wine-producing regions (the Russian River, Dry Creek, and Alexander Valley AVAs) meet in Healdsburg.

Healdsburg is centered on a 19th-century plaza that provides an important focal point for tourists and locals.5

History

Early inhabitants of the local area included the Pomo people, who constructed villages in open areas along the Russian River.6 European settlement commenced in the mid-19th century, with the first Anglo-American settlement nearby established downstream along the Russian River near Graton in 1836.7

In 1857, Harmon Heald, an Ohio businessman who had been squatting on Rancho Sotoyome since 1850, purchased part of the rancho—giving the city its official founding date.1 In 1867, Heald’s eponymous small town was incorporated.6 Healdsburg is located within the former township of Mendocino. The San Francisco and North Pacific Railroad reached Healdsburg in 1872.8

Farming, especially orchards and truck farms, was common within the present city limits from at least the 1890s to 1940s.9

Geography

The city has a total area of 4.464 sq mi (11.6 km2). 4.457 sq mi (11.5 km2) of it is land and 0.007 sq mi (0.0 km2) is water. The total area is 0.15% water.3 It lies on the Russian River, near a point used as a crossing of the river since the 1850s that is now the site of the Healdsburg Memorial Bridge.10

Climate

Healdsburg, California
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
8.9
 
58
38
 
 
7.4
 
62
41
 
 
5.6
 
67
42
 
 
2.6
 
72
44
 
 
1.1
 
78
49
 
 
0.3
 
85
52
 
 
0
 
89
53
 
 
0.1
 
88
52
 
 
0.4
 
86
52
 
 
2.2
 
78
48
 
 
5.3
 
66
42
 
 
8.2
 
58
39
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: 11

Healdsburg has cool, wet winters and warm to hot, dry summers. In January, the average high temperature is 57.6 °F (14.2 °C) and the average low is 38 °F (3 °C). In July, the average high temperature is 88.8 °F (31.6 °C) and the average low is 52.7 °F (11.5 °C). There are an average of 54.6 days with highs of 90 °F (32 °C) or higher and an average of 20.1 days with lows of 32 °F (0 °C) or lower. The record high temperature was 116 °F (47 °C) on July 13, 1972, and the record low temperature was 14 °F (−10 °C) on December 22, 1990.11

Annual precipitation averages 42.2 in (1,070 mm). There are an average of 73 days annually with measurable precipitation. The wettest year was 1983 with 96.25 in (2,445 mm) and the driest year was 1976 with 13.67 in (347 mm). The most precipitation in one month was 29.9 in (760 mm) in January 1995. The most precipitation in 24 hours was 8.18 in (208 mm) on December 3, 1980. Snow is relatively rare, with none in most years. The highest yearly snowfall totaled 0.8 in (20 mm) in 1976.12

Climate data for Healdsburg, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 57
(14)
63
(17)
67
(19)
72
(22)
78
(26)
85
(29)
89
(32)
88
(31)
86
(30)
78
(26)
66
(19)
58
(14)
73.9
(23.3)
Average low °C (°F) 38
(3)
40
(4)
42
(6)
44
(7)
48
(9)
51
(11)
52
(11)
52
(11)
50
(10)
47
(8)
42
(6)
38
(3)
45.3
(7.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 9.4
(239)
7.3
(185)
5.4
(137)
2.5
(64)
1.1
(28)
0.3
(8)
0
(0)
0.1
(3)
0.4
(10)
2.1
(53)
5.1
(130)
7.6
(193)
41.3
(1,049)
Source: Weatherbase 13

Environment

An intrinsic element of the city's natural environment is the riparian zone associated with the Russian River that flows through Healdsburg. City residents support recycling by use of the Healdsburg Transfer Station. The city has shown an interest in creating a quiet environment by creating a Noise Element of the General Plan, which defines baseline sound level contours and sets forth standards of quiet for each land use category.

Politics

In the state legislature, Healdsburg is in the 2nd State Senate district, represented by Democrat Noreen Evans, and in the 1st State Assembly district, represented by Democrat Wesley Chesbro.

Federally, Healdsburg is in California's 2nd congressional district, represented by Democrat Jared Huffman.14

Demographics

2010

The 2010 United States Census15 reported that Healdsburg had a population of 11,254. The population density was 2,521.3 people per square mile (973.5/km²). The racial makeup of Healdsburg was 8,334 (74.1%) White, 56 (0.5%) African American, 205 (1.8%) Native American, 125 (1.1%) Asian, 18 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 2,133 (19.0%) from other races, and 383 (3.4%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3,820 persons (33.9%).

The Census reported that 99.5% of the population lived in households and 0.5% were institutionalized.

There were 4,378 households, out of which 1,335 (30.5%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 2,140 (48.9%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 465 (10.6%) had a female householder with no husband present, 222 (5.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 259 (5.9%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 54 (1.2%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. Of the households, 1,205 (27.5%) were made up of individuals and 542 (12.4%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56. There were 2,827 families (64.6% of all households); the average family size was 3.12.

The population was spread out with 2,546 people (22.6%) under the age of 18, 925 people (8.2%) aged 18 to 24, 2,750 people (24.4%) aged 25 to 44, 3,349 people (29.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,684 people (15.0%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.8 years. For every 100 females there were 96.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.0 males.

There were 4,794 housing units at an average density of 1,074.0 per square mile (414.7/km²), of which 57.6% were owner-occupied and 42.4% were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.7%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.2%. Of the population, 53.2% lived in owner-occupied housing units and 46.3% lived in rental housing units.

2000

As of the 2000 census, there were 10,722 people, 3,968 households, and 2,702 families residing in the city. The population density is 2,848/sq mi (1,101/km²). There are 4,138 housing units at an average density of 1,099/sq mi (425/km²). The racial makeup of the city is 79.89% White, 0.50% African American, 1.80% Native American, 0.75% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 13.44% from other races, and 3.56% from two or more races. Of the population, 28.82% are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 3,968 households out of which 33.0% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.2% are married couples living together, 11.4% have a female householder with no husband present, and 31.9% are non-families. 25.9% of all households are made up of individuals and 12.1% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.69 and the average family size is 3.23.

In the city the population is spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 37 years. For every 100 females there are 95.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 90.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $48,995, and the median income for a family is $55,386. Males have a median income of $38,977 versus $32,015 for females. The per capita income for the city is $22,245. 9.4% of the population and 6.6% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 10.4% of those under the age of 18 and 6.7% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Notable natives and residents

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Russell, Kerrie (2007-08-23). "Happy Birthday Healdsburg". Healdsburg Tribune (Healdsburg, California: Sonoma West Publishers). Retrieved 2008-04-18. 
  2. ^ "Dates of incorporation". Retrieved 2008-07-11. 
  3. ^ a b U.S. Census
  4. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Healdsburg
  5. ^ Hall, Matthew (2006-10-23). "Business survey shows locals shop locally". Healdsburg Tribune (Healdsburg, California: Sonoma West Publishers). Retrieved 2008-04-18. 
  6. ^ a b Healdsburg, California Early History
  7. ^ Healdsburg, California History Timeline
  8. ^ Stindt, Fred A. (1978). The Northwestern Pacific Railroad Redwood Empire Route (3rd Edition ed.). Fred A. Stindt. 
  9. ^ Archives, Healdsburg Museum and Historical Society
  10. ^ National Register of Historic Places Registration Form for Healdsburg Memorial Bridge, California State Park System, accessed 2011-12-26.
  11. ^ a b "Western Regional Climate Center". 
  12. ^ "WRCC precipitation records". 
  13. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Healdsburg, California". Weatherbase. 2013.  Retrieved on April 26, 2013.
  14. ^ "California's 2nd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 1, 2013. 
  15. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  16. ^ "Kristen Barnhisel". Winemakers A-Z. Women Winemakers of California. Retrieved 23 December 2012. 

External links