Jean, Cardinal of Lorraine
Jean de Lorraine (April 9, 1498 – May 18, 1550) was a French cardinal, who was archbishop of Reims, Lyon and Narbonne, bishop of Metz, Toul, Verdun, Thérouanne, Luçon, Albi, Valence, Nantes and Agen. He is sometimes known as the cardinal de Lorraine.
He is considered a corrupt ruler who before he died squandered most of the wealth which he had derived from these and other benefices. Part of his ecclesiastical preferment he gave up in favour of his nephews. He became a member of the royal council in 1530, and in 1536 was entrusted with an embassy to Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor. Although a complaisant helper in Francis's pleasures, he was disgraced in 1542, and retired to Rome.
He was extremely dissolute, but as an open-handed patron of art and learning, as the protector and friend of Erasmus, Marot and Rabelais he did something to counterbalance the general unpopularity of his calculating brother, the duke of Guise.
He died in Neuvy-sur-Loire in 1550.
- Michon, Cédric, 'Les richesses de la faveur à la Renaissance: Jean de Lorraine (1498–1550) et François Ier', Revue d'histoire moderne et contemporaine, vol. 50, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep., 2003), pp. 34–61
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.