Dr. John Macadam (May 1827 – 2 September 1865), was an Australian (Scottish-born) chemist, medical teacher and politician. The genus Macadamia was named after him in 1857 by his colleague Ferdinand von Mueller.
Macadam was born in Northbank, near Glasgow, Scotland. He studied chemistry at the Andersonian University and the University of Edinburgh, later switching to medicine at Glasgow. In 1855, he went to Melbourne, where he had been appointed as a lecturer in chemistry and natural science at Scotch College. He later became the first lecturer to teach at the University of Melbourne School of Medicine and on 3 March 1862 he commenced lectures in chemistry. In 1858 he was appointed the Victorian Government Analytical Chemist.
Between 1857 and 1862 Macadam served as Honorary Secretary of The Philosophical Institute of Victoria which later became the Royal Society of Victoria, and was appointed Vice-President in 1863. He was also a Member of the Legislative Assembly in the Victorian Parliament, representing Castlemaine. He was Postmaster-General of Victoria in 1861.
Macadam died in 1865 after a ship-board accident. His grave is in Melbourne General Cemetery and he is commemorated in an exhibition in the School of Chemistry, University of Melbourne.
On 7 August 1858 he officiated as one of two umpires at a game of football played between Scotch and Melbourne Grammar. This game was a predecessor to the modern game of Australian Rules Football and is commemorated by a statue depicting the game outside the Melbourne Cricket Ground.12
- History of Medicine, Dentistry & Health Sciences at Melbourne – Macadam, John (1827–1865)
- History of Medicine, Dentistry & Health Sciences at Melbourne – Melbourne Medical School (1862–)
- Burke & Wills Web – The Royal Society of Victoria
- Burke & Wills Web – 1860 Exploration Committee
- Scotch College: Great Scot – Professor Geoffrey Blainey entertains at Cordner-Eggleston pre-match luncheon
- Macadam and Macadam and McAdam
- State Library of Victoria – The Late John Macadam, MD – portrait
- The Royal Society of Victoria
- Burke & Wills Web A comprehensive website containing many of the historical documents relating to the Burke & Wills Expedition.
- The Burke & Wills Historical Society The Burke & Wills Historical Society.