List of Harrier variants

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Harrier GR.1 / GR.3
AV-8A/C/S Harrier
AV-8S over SNS Dedalo (R01).jpg
An AV-8S Matador flies over the Spanish aircraft carrier Dédalo(R01).
Role V/STOL ground-attack aircraft
National origin United Kingdom
Manufacturer Hawker Siddeley
First flight 28 December 1967 (Harrier)
Introduction 1 April 1969
Retired retired by Thai navy in 2006
Status retired
Primary users Royal Air Force (historical)
United States Marine Corps (historical)
Spanish Navy (historical)
Royal Thai Navy> (historical) >/
Produced 1967–1970s
Number built 2781
Developed from Hawker Siddeley P.1127/Kestrel
Developed into British Aerospace Sea Harrier
McDonnell Douglas AV-8B Harrier II
British Aerospace Harrier II

This is a list of variants of the Hawker Siddeley Harrier family of V/STOL ground attack fighter aircraft.

Hawker Siddeley P.1127

P.1127
Experimental V/STOL fighter, two prototypes and four development aircraft.2
Kestrel FGA.1
Aircraft for the tripartite evaluation squadron, nine built, six later transferred to the United States where they were designated XV-6A.3
Prototype Hawker P.1127 XP831 in 1962
P.1127 (RAF)
Development V/STOL ground attack and reconnaissance fighter, six built as pre-production evaluation aircraft before the type was ordered into production as the Harrier GR1.4
XV-6A
United States military designation for the six Kestrel FGA.1 transferred to the United States.3
VZ-12
United States Army designation for two P.1127 development aircraft, not delivered.5

Hawker Siddeley Harrier

Single-seat

A Royal Air Force Harrier GR.3 aircraft parked on the flight line during Air Fete '84 at RAF Mildenhall.
Harrier GR.1
Initial production version for RAF, powered by 19,000 lbf (84.7 kN) Rolls-Royce Pegasus 6 (Pegasus Mk 101 in RAF service).6 A total of 61 built.7
Harrier GR.1A
Upgraded version of the GR.1, the main difference being the uprated (20,500 lbf (91.4 kN)) Pegasus 10 (or Pegasus Mk 102) engine.8 17 GR.1As new-built and a further 41 GR.1s upgraded to GR.1A configuration, for a total of 58 GR.1As.
Harrier GR.3
Featured improved sensors (such as a laser tracker in the lengthened nose and radar warning receiver on the fin and tail boom) and a further uprated (21,500 lbf (95.9 kN)) Pegasus 11 (Pegasus Mk 103).89 A total of 40 new built, with last delivered in December 1986,10 and about 62 converted from GR.1/GR.1As.11
AV-8A Harrier
Single-seat ground-attack, close air support, reconnaissance, and fighter aircraft, powered by Pegasus 11 (designated F102-RR-402 by US) with simplified nav/attack system.12 102 ordered for the USMC. Company designation Harrier Mk 50.13
AV-8C
Upgraded AV-8A for the USMC.14
AV-8S Matador
Export version of the AV-8A Harrier for the Spanish Navy, later sold to the Royal Thai Navy. Spanish Navy designation VA-1 Matador. Company designation Harrier Mk 53 for the first production batch, and Mk 55 for the second batch.15

Two-seat

A USMC TAV-8A Harrier from VMAT-203 on the flight line.
Harrier T.2
Lengthened two-seat training version for the RAF, powered by Pegasus Mk 101 engine and with taller fin.16
Harrier T.2A
Upgraded T.2, powered by a Pegasus Mk 102.17
Harrier T.4
Two-seat training version for the Royal Air Force, equivalent to the GR.3, with Pegasus Mk 103 engine, laser seeker and Radar Warning Receiver. Reverted to short fin of single seater.17
Harrier T.4A
T.4 without laser seeker or Radar Warning Receiver.18
Harrier T.4N
Two-seat training version of the T.4A for the Royal Navy, with avionics (excluding radar) based on Sea Harrier FRS.1.19
Harrier T.8
Naval trainer modified from early trainer variants and fitted with Sea Harrier F(A).2 avionics.20
Harrier T.52
Two-seat company demonstrator of an export variant of the T.2, originally Pegasus 102 powered but uprated to Pegasus 103 following an accident in 1971, one built first flown 15 September 1971. Registered G-VTOL21
Harrier T.60
Export version of the T4N two-seat training version for the Indian Navy.22
TAV-8A Harrier
Two-seater training version for the USMC, powered by a Pegasus Mk 103. Company designation Harrier Mk 54. Eight built.23
TAV-8S Matador
Export version of the TAV-8A Harrier for the Spanish Navy. Later sold to the Royal Thai Navy. Spanish Navy designation VAE-1 Matador. Company designation Harrier Mk 54.15

British Aerospace Sea Harrier

A Sea Harrier FRS 1 on HMS Invincible
Sea Harrier FRS.1
57 FRS1s were delivered between 1978 and 1988; most survivors converted to Sea Harrier FA2 specifications from 1988.24
Sea Harrier FRS.51
Single-seat fighter, reconnaissance and attack aircraft made for the Indian Navy, similar to the British FRS1. Unlike the FRS1 Sea Harrier, it is fitted with Matra R550 Magic air-to-air missiles.25
Sea Harrier F(A).2
Upgrade of FRS1 fleet in 1988, featuring the Blue Vixen Pulse-Doppler radar and the AIM-120 AMRAAM missile.24

McDonnell Douglas AV-8B Harrier II

An AV-8B Harrier II Plus from the Spanish aircraft carrier Principe de Asturias (R11) prepares to land.
YAV-8B
Two prototypes converted in 1978 from existing AV-8A airframes (BuNo 158394, 158395).2
AV-8B Harrier II
"Day Attack" variant. Most were upgraded to one of the following two variants, while the remainder were withdrawn from service. 4 full scale development (FSD) aircraft were built in 1982, followed by 162 production aircraft, built 1983–1989.2
AV-8B Harrier II Night Attack
Incorporates a Navigation Forward Looking Infrared camera (NAVFLIR). Upgraded cockpit, compatible with night vision goggles. More powerful Rolls-Royce Pegasus 11 engine. Originally designated AV-8D.2
AV-8B Harrier II+
Similar to the Night Attack variant, with the addition of an APG-65 radar. It is used by the USMC, Spanish Navy, and Italian Navy. 72 were converted from existing AV-8B, 43 were new built from 1993 to 1997.2
An Italian TAV-8B Harrier II aboard Giuseppe Garibaldi (551).
TAV-8B Harrier II
Two-seat trainer version. 23 were built between 1986 and 1992.2
TAV-8B Harrier II+
Two two-seat trainer aircraft built for Italy 1990 to 1991.2
EAV-8B Matador II
Company designation for the Spanish Navy version. 12 were built 1987 to 1988.2
EAV-8B Matador II+
AV-8B Harrier II+ for Spanish Navy, 11 were converted from EAV-8B, 8 were new built 1995 to 1997.2

British Aerospace Harrier II

GR5
The GR5 was the RAF's first second-generation Harrier. The GR5 differed from the USMC AV-8B in avionics fit, weapons and countermeasures. Forty one GR5s were built.2
GR5A
The GR5A was a minor variant of the Harrier which incorporated changes in the design in anticipation of the GR7 upgrade.2
GR7
The GR7 was an upgraded version of the Harrier GR5.
GR7A
An RAF Harrier GR7A at RIAT 2005
The GR7A is a GR7 with an uprated Rolls-Royce Pegasus 107 engine. The Mk 107 engine provides around 3,000 lbf (13 kN) extra thrust than the Mk 105's 21,750 lbf (98 kN) thrust, increasing aircraft performance during "hot and high" and carrier-borne operations.2
GR9
The Harrier GR9 is an avionics and weapons upgrade of the standard GR7.2
GR9A
The Harrier GR9A is an avionics and weapons upgrade of the uprated engined GR7As. All GR9s are capable of accepting the Mk 107 Pegasus engine to become GR9As.2
T10
The Harrier T10 is the original two seat training variant of the second-generation RAF Harrier. The RAF used the USMC trainer, the TAV-8B, as the basis for the design.2
T12
The RAF needed trainers to reflect the upgrade of the GR7 to GR9. Nine T10 aircraft were to receive the JUMP updates under the designation T12, but retain the less powerful Pegasus 105 engine.226

See also

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists

References

Notes
Citations
  1. ^ Mason 1991, pp. 421–432.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Jenkins 1998
  3. ^ a b Evans, A. "American Harrier – Part One." Model Aircraft Monthly, Vol. 8, Issue 4, pp. 36–39.
  4. ^ Mason 1986, p. 78.
  5. ^ Swanborough and Bowers 1990, p. 338.
  6. ^ Jackson 1991, p. 51.
  7. ^ Evans 1998, pp. 172–173.
  8. ^ a b Jackson 1991, p. 54.
  9. ^ Evans 1998, pp. 31, 33.
  10. ^ Evans 1998, pp. 174, 176.
  11. ^ Evans 1998, p. 33.
  12. ^ Evans 1998, p. 43.
  13. ^ Taylor 1988, p. 290.
  14. ^ Nordeen 2006, p. 35.
  15. ^ a b Nordeen 2006, p. 14.
  16. ^ Evans 1998, pp. 27–28.
  17. ^ a b Evans 1998, p. 28.
  18. ^ Evans 1998, pp. 28, 30.
  19. ^ Evans 1998, pp. 67–68.
  20. ^ Evans 1998, pp. 152–153.
  21. ^ Jackson 1973, p. 351.
  22. ^ Evans 1998, p. 82.
  23. ^ Evans 1998, p. 50.
  24. ^ a b Nordeen 2006, p. 11.
  25. ^ "Heralding the Next Gen weapons". Financial Express. 7 February 2007. 
  26. ^ "The great GR9 journey". Defence Management Journal (40). 2008. Retrieved 20 March 2011. 
Bibliography

Further reading

  • Farley, John OBE. A View From The Hover: My Life In Aviation. Bath, UK: Seager Publishing/Flyer Books, 2010, first edition 2008. ISBN 978-0-9532752-0-5.
  • Polmar, Norman and Dana Bell. One Hundred Years of World Military Aircraft. Annapolis, Maryland, USA: Naval Institute Press, 2003. ISBN 1-59114-686-0.

External links