Papua New Guinea honours system
The Papua New Guinea honours system is the main system of honouring citizens of Papua New Guinea for their services to the country, it consists of three Orders and several medals. After independence, Papua New Guinea used the Imperial honours system, however, in recognition of the nation's 30th anniversary, a new awards system was adopted. The official announcement of its creation was made by Prime Minister Sir Michael Somare on 12 November 2004 and the first investitures were performed by the Princess Royal in early October 2005.1 The old honours system is still in use as well, however, and the Queen issues a Papua New Guinean List as part of every Birthday and New Year Honours List.2
This Order consists of one level, the Cross of Valour (CV) awarded for only the most selfless acts of bravery in times of extreme personal danger. This bears resemblance to its counterparts in the Canadian and Australian honours systems. Prior to this award, citizens of Papua New Guinea would have received the George Cross for their actions.
Since Papua New Guinea still recognises the British Honours System it is possible that citizens will still receive the GC, however this is considered unlikely as the Cross of Valour performs the same function. For acts of valour in the face of the enemy during wartime, citizens of PNG are still entitled to the Victoria Cross.
In ranking order, the Cross of Valour precedes Grand Companion of the Logohu.
Grand Companion of the Order of Logohu (GCL) is awarded to those citizens of Papua New Guinea and others for service, achievement, and merit in the highest degree, sustained over a period of twenty years. The award may be given to no more than fifty living persons. This class appears to carry with it the title of "Grand Chief". Examples of this include the obituary of The Rt Revd David Hand, and the official website of Sir Michael Somare who, since his investiture as GCL has used the title "Grand Chief" in place of "Sir", preferring to be known as The Right Honourable Grand Chief M. T. Somare, GCL, GCMG, CH, CF, KstJ. . According to the announcement of former United States President Bill Clinton's appointment as the GCL the highest rank carries the honorary title "Chief".3
Chief Grand Commanders
- The Rt Hon Sir Michael Somare, GCL, GCMG, CH, CF, MP (2005) - Prime Minister of PNG
- Dame Josephine Abaijah, GCL, DBE (2005) - First Woman elected to the PNG Parliament
- The Rt Hon Sir Julius Chan, GCL, GCMG, KBE, MP (2005) - Former Prime Minister of PNG
- Sir Mari Kapi, GCL, KBE (2005) - Chief Justice of PNG
- John Momis, GCL (2005) - Long Serving Parliamentarian and Framer of the PNG constitution5
- Most Revd Cherubim Dambui, GCL (2008) - Catholic Bishop
- Sir Silas Atopare, GCL, GCMG (2008) - Former Governor General of PNG
- Sir Donatus Mola, GCL (2005) - Former Bougainville Chief
- The Rt Hon Sir Rabbie Namaliu, GCL, CSM, KCMG (2009) - Former Prime Minister of PNG
- Archbishop Karl Hesse, GCL, MSC - Catholic Archbishop of Rabaul
- The Hon Boyamo Sali, GCL (2009) - Former Cabinet Minister of PNG
- The Hon Mathew Siune, GCL (2009) - Former Cabinet Minister of PNG
- Sir Akepa Miakwe, GCL (2011) - Former politician of Unggai-Bena in Eastern Highlands
- Sir Brian Barnes, GCL (2011) - Former Archbishop of Port Moresby Catholic Archdiocese
- The Hon Sir Peter Barter, GCL, OBE (2011) - Former Cabinet Minister of PNG and Governor of Madang province
Honorary Grand Commanders
- Major-General The Hon. Michael Jeffery, AC, CVO, MC, GCL (2005) - Former Governor General of Australia6
- The Hon. Gough Whitlam, AC, GCL, QC (2005) - Former Prime Minister of Australia
- The Hon Andrew Peacock, AC, GCL (2006) - Former Foreign Minister of Australia
- President Bill Clinton, GCL (2006) - Former President of the USA3
- The Hon Bob Hawke, AC, GCL (2009) - Former Prime Minister of Australia
- The Rt Hon Malcolm Fraser, AC, CH, GCL (2009) - Former Prime Minister of Australia
Officer of Logohu (OL) is awarded for distinguished service to Papua New Guinea, or to a local community, sustained over a period of at least ten years.
Member of Logohu (ML) is awarded for commendable service to a particular area of endeavour, to Papua New Guinea, or to a local community, sustained over a period of at least seven years.
The National Logohu Medal (LM) is awarded for exemplary service in a profession, career, or industry group, or to the general community, over a period of at least five years.
This Order also consists of one level, the Companion of the Star of Melanesia (CSM). It is awarded for distinguished service of a high degree to Papua New Guinea and Melanesia, sustained over a period of fifteen years.
In ranking order, Companion of the Star of Melanesia follows Grand Companion of the Logohu.
People who have been awarded the honour
- Vice Admiral Sir Timothy Laurence, KCVO, CB - Husband of the Princess Royal
- The Rt. Hon. Sir Rabbie Namaliu, GCL, CSM, KCMG
- Sir Brian Bell, CSM, KBE, CStJ
- Stan Joyce, General Manager of South Pacific Brewery
- HRH The Duchess of Cornwall - wife of HRH The Prince of Wales
- Commendation Medal for Valuable Service (CMM)
- Cross of Medical Service Medal (CMS)
- Distinguished Correctional Service Medal (DCS)
- Distinguished Military Service Medal (DMS)
- Distinguished Police Service Medal (DPS)
- Emergency Service Medal (ESM)
- Meritorious Community Service Medal (MCS)
- Public Service Medal (PSM)
- "Farewell, princess". Post-Courier Online. 30 September 2005. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
- "IMPERIAL HONOURS SYSTEM TO STAY". Official Website of the Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea. 22 December 2004. Archived from the original on 18 March 2008. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
- "SIR MICHAEL'S STATEMENT WHEN AWARDING FORMER UNITED STATES PRESIDENT, BILL CLINTON WITH A 'LOGOHU MEDAL' UNDER THE PAPUA NEW GUINEA ORDERS OF LOGOHU DURING HIS RECENT VISIT TO PNG". Official Website of the Prime Minister of Papue New Guinea. Archived from the original on 18 March 2008. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
- "PM PRESENTS SOVEREIGN'S BADGE TO THE QUEEN". Official Website of the Prime Minister of Papue New Guinea. Archived from the original on 18 March 2008. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
- "Former PNG Parliamentarian Chief John Momis joins USP as Visiting Fellow". The University of the South Pacific News. 2006-02-07. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
- "At Admiralty House, Sydney, Their Excellencies, the Governor-General and Mrs Jeffery attended a ceremony at which the Governor-General was invested with an Honorary Grand Companion of the Order of the Logohu by the Right Honourable Grand Chief Sir Mich...". Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia. 7 September 2007. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
- "The Orders of Papua New Guinea Nomination Form". Official Website of the Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea. Archived from the original on 25 April 2008. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
- Orders, Decorations and Medals Papua New Guinea
- List of the first recipients