Review articles are an attempt to summarize the current state of understanding on a topic.1 They analyze or discuss research previously published by others, rather than reporting new experimental results.2
They come in the form of systematic reviews and literature reviews and are a form of secondary literature.3 Systematic reviews determine an objective list of criteria, and find all previously published original experimental papers that meet the criteria. They then compare the results presented in these papers. Literature reviews, by contrast, provide a summary of what the authors believe are the best and most relevant prior publications.
A review article is separate from the concept of peer-reviewed literature. It is possible for a review to be peer-reviewed, and it is possible for a review to be non-peer-reviewed.
- Book review, a completely unrelated type of publication
- Case series, sometimes called a clinical review because it reviews or summarizes the records for a series of patients at a single medical clinic
- Woodward, A. M. (1977). The Roles of Reviews in Information Transfer. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 175-180.
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