List of government space agencies

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Russian Space Station Mir, back-dropped against the Earth, taken from the NASA's Space Shuttle Atlantis following undocking from the station at the end of STS-71 on the 4th of July, 1995. On the 29th of June, 1995, STS-71 became the first Shuttle mission ever to dock with the station.

This is a list of government agencies engaged in activities related to outer space and space exploration.

The name given is the English version, with the native language version below. The acronym given is the most common acronym: this can either be the acronym of the English version (e.g. JAXA), or the acronym in the native language. Where there are multiple acronyms in common use, the English one is given first.

The date of the founding of the space agency is the date of first operations where possible. If the space agency is no longer running, then the date when it was terminated (i.e. the last day of operations) is given. A link to the Agency's primary website is also given.

Capabilities of the space agencies

Color legend

The capabilities of the space agencies are color-coded as follows:

  Manned Lunar Exploration + Operates Space Station + Manned Space Flight + Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
  Operates Space Station + Manned Space Flight + Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
  Manned Space Flight + Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
  Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
  Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
  None Of The Above
Space agency Country Founded Terminated Capabilities of the space agency Ref(s)
Name Initialisms/Acronym Astronauts Operates Satellites Sounding Rockets capable Recoverable Biological Sounding Rockets capable
Belarus Space Agency  Belarus 2010  — No No Yes No 1
Spanish: Asociación Centroamericana de Aeronáutica y el Espacio
(Central American Association for Aeronautics and Space)
ACAE  Costa Rica 2010  — No Yes No No 2
Aeronautics and Space Research and Diffusion Centercitation needed
(Spanish: Centro de Investigación y Difusión Aeronáutico-Espacial)
CIDA-E  Uruguay 5 August 1975  — No No No No  —
Mexican Space Agency
(Spanish: Agencia Espacial Mexicana)
AEM  Mexico 30 July 2010  — Yes Yes No No  —
Algerian Space Agency
French: Agence Spatiale Algérienne
Berber: Tafullut Tadzayrit n Tallunt
Arabic: الوكالة الفضائية الجزائرية
ASAL  Algeria 16 January 2002  — No Yes No No  —
Asia Pacific Multilateral Cooperation in Space Technology and Applicationscitation needed
(Chinese: 亚太空间技术应用多边合作会议)
AP-MCSTA February 1992  — No Yes No No  —
Asia-Pacific Regional Space Agency Forum
(Japanese: アジア太平洋地域宇宙機関会議)
APRSAF 1993  — No Yes No No  —
Asia-Pacific Space Cooperation Organization
(Chinese: 亚太空间合作组织)
APSCO 28 October 2005  — No Yes No No  —
German: Agentur für Luft- und Raumfahrt
(Aeronautics and Space Agency);
also Austrian Space Agency;
(Austrian Solar and Space Agency 1977–1987)
ALR  Austria 12 July 1972  — No No No No 34
Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan Milli Aerokosmik Agentliyinin
(Azerbaijan National Aerospace Agency)
AMAKA  Azerbaijan 21 February 1974  — No Yes No No  —
Dutch: Belgisch Instituut voor Ruimte-Aëronomie
French: Institut d’Aéronomie Spatiale de Belgique
(Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy)
BIRA
IASB
BISA
 Belgium 25 November 1964  — Yes No No No 5
Spanish: Agencia Bolivariana para Actividades Espaciales
(Bolivarian Agency for Space Activities)
ABAE  Venezuela 1 January 2008  — No Yes No No 6
Portuguese: Agência Espacial Brasileira
(Brazilian Space Agency)
AEB  Brazil 10 February 1994  — Yes Yes Yes7 No 8
UK Space Agency UKSA  United Kingdom 1 April 2010  — Yes Yes Yes Yes citation needed
Bolivian Space Agencycitation needed
ABE  Bolivia 2012  — No Yes No No 91011
Bulgarian: Българска академия на науките
(Space Research Institute, Solar-Terrestrial Influences Institute) Bulgarian Space Agency
ИКИ-БАН
SRI-BAS
ИСЗВ-БАН
STIL-BAS
 Bulgaria 1987  — Yes Yes No No 12
Canadian Space Agency
French: Agence spatiale canadienne
CSA
ASC
 Canada 1 March 1989  — Yes Yes Yes No 13
China National Space Administration
(Chinese: 国家航天局)
CNSA  People's Republic of China 22 April 1993  — Yes Yes Yes Yes 14
Spanish: Comisión Colombiana del Espacio
(Colombian Space Commission)
CCE  Colombia 18 July 2006  — Yes Yes No No 15
Centre for Remote Imaging, Sensing and Processingcitation needed CRISP  Singapore 1995  — No Yes No No
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation CSIRO  Australia 1926  — No Yes No No 16
Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems CCSDS 1982  — No No No No  —
Committee on Space Research COSPAR 1958  — No No No No 171717
Croatian: Hrvatska svemirska agencija
(Croatian Space Agencycitation needed)
HSA
CSA
 Croatia October 2002  — No No No No 18
Czech: Ministerstvo dopravy České republiky
(Ministry of Transport of the Czech Republic - Space Technologies and Satellite Systems Departmentcitation needed19)
[6]
Ministry of Transport of the Czech Republic
 Czech Republic 2003citation needed  — No No No No 19
Danish: Danmarks Rumcenter
(Danish National Space Center)
DRC
DNSC
 Denmark 1 January
1968
31 December
2006
Yes No No No citation needed
Danish: Dansk Rumforskningsinstitut
(Danish Space Research Institute)
DRKI
DSRI
 Denmark 1 January
2005
31 December
2006
No Yes No No citation needed
Danish: Danmarks Tekniske Universitet – Institut for Rumforskning og -teknologi
(Technical University of Denmark – National Space Institute)
DTU Space  Denmark 1 January
2006
 — Yes Yes No No 20
European Space Agency
(French: Agence spatiale européenne)
(German: Europäische Weltraumorganisation)
ESA
ASE
EWO
31 May 1975  — Yes Yes Yes Yes 2122
Geo-Informatics and Space Technology Development Agency
(Thai: สำนักงานพัฒนาเทคโนโลยีอวกาศและภูมิสารสนเทศ)
GISTDA
สทอภ
 Thailand 3 November 2002  — No Yes No No 23
German: Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt
(German Aerospace Center)
DLR  Germany 1969  — Yes Yes Yes No 24
Hungarian: Magyar Űrkutatási Iroda
(Hungarian Space Office)
MŰI
HSO
 Hungary January 1992  — No Yes No No 25
Indian Space Research Organization
(Hindi: भारतीय अंतरिक्ष अनुसंधान संगठन)
ISRO
इसरो
 India 15 August 1969  — Yes Yes Yes Yes 24
Greek: Ινστιτούτο Διαστημικών Εφαρμογών και Τηλεπισκόπησης
(Institute for Space Applications and Remote Sensing)
ΙΔΕΤ
ISARS
 Greece 1955  — No Yes No No citation needed
Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial INTA  Spain 1942  — Yes Yes Yes No 262728
Iranian Space Agency
(Persian: سازمان فضایی ایران‎)
ISA  Iran 2003  — No Yes Yes Yes 293031
Israeli Space Agency
(Hebrew: סוכנות החלל הישראלית‎)
ISA
סל"ה
 Israel April 1983  — Yes Yes Yes No citation needed
Italian Space Agency
(Italian: Agenzia Spaziale Italiana)
ASI  Italy 1988  — Yes Yes Yes No 3233
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
(Japanese: 宇宙航空研究開発機構)
JAXA  Japan 1 October 2003  — Yes Yes Yes No 34
National Space Agency (KazCosmos);
Kazakh Space Research Institute
NSA (KazCosmos);
SRI
 Kazakhstan 1991  — No Yes No No  —
Korean Committee of Space Technology
(Korean: 조선우주공간기술위원회)
KCST  North Korea 1980s 2013 No Yes Yes No 353637
National Aerospace Development Administration
(Korean: 국가우주개발국)
NADA  North Korea 2013  — No Yes Yes No 38
Korea Aerospace Research Institute
(Korean: 한국항공우주연구원)
KARI  South Korea 10 October 1989  — Yes Yes Yes No citation needed
Lithuanian Space Associationcitation needed LSA  Lithuania 2007  — No Yes No No 39
Malaysian National Space Agency
(Malay: Agensi Angkasa Negara)
ANGKASA  Malaysia 2002  — Yes Yes No No 40
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA  United States 1 October 1958  — Yes Yes Yes Yes 41
National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences
(Arabic: الهيئة العامة للاستشعار عن بعد وعلوم الفضاء ‎)
NARSS  Egypt 1994  — No Yes No No 42
French: Centre National d’Études Spatiales
(National Center of Space Research)
CNES  France 19 December 1961  — Yes Yes Yes No 43
Spanish: Comisión Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo Aeroespacial
(National Commission for Aerospace Research and Development)citation needed
CONIDA  Peru 11 June 1974  — No No Yes No  —
Spanish: Comisión Nacional de Investigaciones Espaciales
(National Commission for Space Research)
CNIE  Argentina 1961 1991 No No Yes Yes 4445
Spanish: Comisión Nacional de Actividades Espaciales
(National Space Activities Commission)
CONAE  Argentina 28 May 1991  — No Yes Yes No 44
Indonesian: Lembaga Antariksa dan Penerbangan Nasional
(National Institute of Aeronautics and Space)
LAPAN  Indonesia 27 November 1964  — Yes Yes Yes No citation needed
National Remote Sensing Center of Mongoliacitation needed NRSC  Mongolia 1987  — No No No No 46
French: Centre national de télédétection
(Arabic: المركز الوطني للإستشعار عن بعد‎)
(National Remote Sensing Center of Tunisia)citation needed
CNT  Tunisia 1988  — No No No No  —
Uzbek State Space Research Agency (UzbekCosmos) USSRA (UzbekCosmos)  Uzbekistan 2001  — No No No No [7] 47
Ukrainian: Національне космічне агентство України
(National Space Agency of Ukraine)
НКАУ
NSAU
 Ukraine 2 March 1992  — Yes Yes Yes No [8]
National Space Organization
(Chinese: 國家太空中心)
NSPO  Republic of China (Taiwan) October 1991  — No Yes Yes No 48
National Space Research and Development Agency NASRDA  Nigeria 1998  — No Yes No No citation needed
Dutch: Stichting Ruimteonderzoek Nederland
(Netherlands Institute for Space Research)
SRON  Netherlands 1983  — No No No No citation needed
Norwegian: Norsk Romsenter
(Norwegian Space Centre)
NRS
NSC
 Norway 1987  — No Yes Yes No 49
Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission
(Urdu: پاکستان خلائی و بالا فضائی تحقی‍قاتی کمیشن‎)
SUPARCO
سپارکو
 Pakistan 16 September 1961  — No Yes Yes No citation needed
Portuguese: Gabinete do Espaço da FCT
(FCT Space Office)citation needed
50
FCT SO
 Portugal 2009  — No No No No  —
Romanian: Agenţia Spaţială Română
(Romanian Space Agency)
ASR
ROSA
 Romania 1991  — Yes Yes No No citation needed
former Egypt Remote Sensing Center EASRT-RSC  Egypt 1971 1994 No No No No 42
French: Centre Royal de Télédétection Spatiale
Berber: Ammas Amrrukan n Tallunt
(Arabic: المركز الملكي للإستشعار البعدي الفضائي‎)
(Royal Centre for Remote Sensing)citation needed
CRTS  Morocco December 1989  — No No No No  —
Russian: Федеральное космическое агентство
(Russian Federal Space Agency)
ROSCOSMOS  Russia c.1992  — Yes Yes Yes Yes citation needed
Sri Lanka Space Agencycitation needed SLSA  Sri Lanka 2010 (Proposed)dated info  — No Yes No No 51
Turkish: TÜBİTAK Uzay Teknolojileri Araştırma Enstitüsü (TÜBİTAK UZAY)
(TUBITAK Space Technologies Research Institute)
TÜBİTAK UZAY  Turkey 1985  — Yes Yes No No  —
Russian: Советская космическая программа
(Soviet space program)
СССР  Soviet Union ca. 1955 ca. 1991 Yes Yes Yes Yes citation needed
Space Research and Remote Sensing Organization SPARRSO  Bangladesh 1980  — No No No No 52
Polish: Centrum Badań Kosmicznych PAN
(Space Research Centre)
CBK-PAN
SRC
 Poland 1977  — Yes Yes No No citation needed
South African National Space Agency SANSA  South Africa 2011  — No No No No 53
Space Research Institute of Saudi Arabiacitation needed
(Arabic: معهد بحوث الفضاء ‎)
KACST-SRI  Saudi Arabia  —  — No Yes No No  —
Vietnamese: Viện Công nghệ vũ trụ
(Space Technology Institute)citation needed
CNVT
VAST-STI
 Vietnam 20 November 2006  — Yes Yes No No 54
Swedish: Rymdstyrelsen
(Swedish National Space Board)
SNSB  Sweden 1972  — No Yes Yes No citation needed
Swiss Space Office SSO   Switzerland  —  — No No No No citation needed
Turkmenistan National Space Agency  Turkmenistan 2011  — No No No No 55
United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs UNOOSA  United Nations 13 December 1958  —  —  —  —  — 56
United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space UNCOPUOS 12 December 1959  —  —  —  —  —  —
United & Independent Space Agency (in formation) UISA 1 May 2013 (Expected)  — No No No No  —
Space Technology Institutecitation needed STI  Vietnam 2006  — No No No No 57

List of space agencies with launch capability

Space agency Country Founded Terminated Capabilities of the space agency Ref(s)
Name Acronym Launch capable Multiple Satellites Launch capable Developed & Deployed Cryogenic Rocket Engines Operates Extraterrestrial Probe Recoverable Satellites capable
China National Space Administration
(Chinese: 中华人民共和国国家航天局)
CNSA  People's Republic of China 22 April 1993  — Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 14
European Space Agency
(French: Agence spatiale européenne)
(German: Europäische Weltraumorganisation)
ESA
ASE
EWO
 Austria
 Belgium
 Czech Republic
 Denmark
 Finland
 France
 Germany
 Greece
 Ireland
 Italy
 Luxembourg
 Netherlands
 Norway
 Portugal
 Poland
 Romania
 Spain
 Sweden
  Switzerland
 United Kingdom
31 May 1975  — Yes Yes Yes Yes No 2122
Iranian Space Agency
(Persian: سازمان فضایی ایران‎)
ISA
ISA
 Iran 2003  — Yes No No No No 58
Israeli Space Agency
(Hebrew: סוכנות החלל הישראלית‎)
(Arabic: وكالة الفضاء الإسرائيلية‎)
ISA
סל"ה
 Israel April 1983  — Yes No No No No citation needed
Korea Aerospace Research Institute
(Korean: 한국항공우주연구원)
(Hanja: 韓國航空宇宙硏究院)
KCST  North Korea 1980s  — Yes No No No No citation needed
Korea Aerospace Research Institute
(Korean: 한국항공우주연구원)
(Hanja: 韓國航空宇宙硏究院)
KARI
항우연
 South Korea October 1989  — Yes No No No No citation needed
Indian Space Research Organization
(Hindi: भारतीय अंतरिक्ष अनुसंधान संगठन)
ISRO
इसरो
 India 15 August 1969  — Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 59
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
(Japanese: 宇宙航空研究開発機構)
JAXA  Japan 1 October 2003  — Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 34
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA  United States 1 October 1958  — Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 41
French: Centre National d’Études Spatiales
(National Center of Space Research)
CNES  France 19 December 1961  — Yes Yes Yes No No 43
Ukrainian: Національне космічне агентство України
(National Space Agency of Ukraine)
НКАУ
NSAU
 Ukraine 2 March 1992  — Yes Yes No No No citation needed
Russian: Федеральное космическое агентство
(Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos))
ROSCOSMOS
RFSA
 Russia ca. 1992  — Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes citation needed
Russian: Советская космическая программа
(Soviet space program)
СССР  Soviet Union ca. 1955 ca. 1991 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes citation needed

List of space agencies with manned spaceflight capability

Space agency Country Founded Terminated Accomplished tasks by the Space Agency Ref(s)
Name Acronym Manned Spaceflight capable Manned Space launch capable Spacewalk capable Space Rendezvous and Docking capable Operates Space Station
China National Space Administration
(Chinese: 中华人民共和国国家航天局)
CNSA  People's Republic of China 22 April 1993  — Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 1460
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA  United States 1 October 1958  — Yes No (since 2011) Yes Yes Yes 41
Russian: Федеральное космическое агентство
(Russian Federal Space Agency)
ROSCOSMOS
RFSA
 Russia ca. 1992  — Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 61
Russian: Советская космическая программа
(Soviet space program)
СССР  Soviet Union ca. 1955 ca. 1991 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 61

List of achievements of space agencies with lunar landing capability

Space agency Country Founded Terminated Accomplished tasks by the Space Agency Ref(s)
Name Acronym Circumlunar Manned Spaceflight Unmanned Moon Soft Landing Unmanned (automated) lunar rover operation Automated Lunar sample return mission Manned Moon Landing and sample return
China National Space Administration
(Chinese: 中华人民共和国国家航天局)
CNSA  People's Republic of China 22 April 1993  — No Yes Yes No No
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA  United States 1 October 1958  — Yes Yes No62 No63 Yes 41
Russian: Советская космическая программа
(Soviet space program)
СССР  Soviet Union ca. 1955 ca. 1991 No Yes Yes64 Yes6566 No 67

Expected and proposed future space agencies

Space agency Country Possible expected date of foundation Current status Ref(s)
Name Acronym
Pan-Arab Space Agency
PASA Arab League Arab League At proposal stage 68
African Space Agency AfriSpace African Union At proposal stage 69707172
South American Space Agency South America At proposal stage 73
Philippine Space Agency PSA  Philippines At proposal stage 74
Sri Lanka Aeronautics and Space Agency SLASA  Sri Lanka Immediate goal is to construct and launch two satellites. Sri Lankan Telecommunications Regulatory Commission has signed an agreement with Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd to get relevant help and resources. 7576

Budgets

The annual budgets listed are the official budgets for national space agencies available in public domain. The budgets are not normalized to the expenses of space research in different countries, i.e. higher budget does not necessarily mean more activity or better performance in space exploration.7778 Note also that budget could be used for different projects: e.g. positioning system GPS is maintained from US defence budget, while ESA's money is used for developing European Galileo positioning system. The data for authoritarian countries are unreliable. For European contributors to ESA, the national budgets shown are separate from their contributions to ESA.

Budgets of different space agencies.
Agency (country/region) Budget (in millions of US $)
NASA (USA)
17,800
Roscosmos (Russia)
5,600
ESA (Europe)
5,510
CNES (France)
2,500
JAXA (Japan)
2,460
DLR (Germany)
2,000
ASI (Italy)
1,800
CNSA (China)
1,300
ISRO (India)
1,100
CSA (Canada)
488.7
UKSA (UK)
414
KARI (South Korea)
366
AEB (Brazil)
275
SSAU (Ukraine)
250
CoNAE (Argentina)
180
ISA and ISRC (Iran)
139
INTA (Spain)
135
NSO (Netherlands)
110
SNSB (Sweden)
100
SUPARCO (Pakistan)
82
SSO (Switzerland)
10
AEM (Mexico)
8.34
Country/
region
Agency Budget
(in millions of US $)
Year
 United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration 17,80079 FY 2012
 Russia Russian Federal Space Agency 5,60080 2013
European Space Agency 5,51081 2013
 France French Space Agency 2,50082 2012
 Japan Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency 2,46083 FY 2010
 Germany German Aerospace Center 2,00084 2010
 Italy Italian Space Agency 1,80085 2014
 China China National Space Administration 1,300 (Euroconsult) 86
500 (official)
 India Indian Space Research Organization 1,1008788 2013-14
 Canada Canadian Space Agency 488.789
 United Kingdom UK Space Agency 41490
 South Korea Korea Aerospace Research Institute 36691 FY 2007
 Brazil Brazilian Space Agency 27592 2011
 Ukraine State Space Agency of Ukraine 25093
 Argentina Comisión Nacional de Actividades Espaciales 18094 2014
 Iran Iranian Space Agency and Iranian Space Research Center 72 + 67 = 13995 2014-15
 Spain Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial 13596 2009
 Netherlands Netherlands Space Office 11097
 Sweden Swedish National Space Board 10098 2011
 Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission 75.199 2010-11
  Switzerland Swiss Space Office 10100
 Mexico Mexican Space Agency 8.34101
  World All space agencies (Total of listed budgets) About 41,800

World maps

The nations which have active space agencies. This map follows the key above.

See also

References

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