Suede // is a type of leather with a napped finish, commonly used for jackets, shoes, shirts, purses, furniture and other items. The term comes from the French "gants de Suède", which literally means "Swedish gloves".1
Suede leather is made from the underside of the skin, primarily lamb, although goat, calf and deer are commonly used. Splits from thick hides of cow and deer are also sueded, but, due to the fibre content, have a shaggy nap. Because suede does not include the tough exterior skin layer, suede is less durable but softer than standard ("full-grain") leather. Its softness, thinness, and pliability make it suitable for clothing and delicate uses; suede was originally used for women's gloves. Suede leather is also popular in upholstery, shoes, bags, and other accessories, and as a lining for other leather products. Due to its textured nature and open pores, suede may become dirty and quickly absorb liquids.
Fabrics are often manufactured with a brushed or napped finish to resemble suede leather. These products often provide a similar look and feel to suede, but have advantages such as increased liquid or stain resistance, and may appeal to consumers who prefer a non-animal product.
Sueded silk, sueded cotton and similar sueded fabrics are brushed, sanded or chemically treated for extra softness. "Suede" yarns are generally thick and plush.
Alcantara and Ultrasuede are trademarked terms for a microfibre plush with a hand resembling the soft suede, but more durable, resistant to liquid, stains and crushing and can be used in upholstery, accessories, clothing or shoes.
Microsuede is a microfibre knit blend fabric with a soft finish, but is easily distinguishable from actual suede leather. It has a great deal of stretch, and is very popular in upholstery as well as garments.
- American Leather Chemists Association ALC (1906). The Journal of the American Leather Chemists Association. American Leather.
- Bredenberg, Jeff (1999). Clean It Fast, Clean It Right: The Ultimate Guide to Making Absolutely Everything You Own Sparkle & Shine (New ed.). Rodale Books. p. 544. ISBN 1-57954-019-8.
- Burch, Monte (2002). The Ultimate Guide to Skinning and Tanning: A Complete Guide to Working with Pelts, Fur, and Leather (First ed.). The Lyons Press. p. 240. ISBN 1-58574-670-3.
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- Michigan Historical Reprint Series (2005). The Art of Tanning Leather. Scholarly Publishing Office, University of Michigan Library. p. 266. ISBN 1-4255-2365-X.
- O'Flaherty, Fred; Roddy Lollar (1956). The Chemistry and Technology of Leather. ACS Monograph 134 (1978 ed.). American Chemical Society, Krieger Publishing Co. ASIN B007EUI5M4.
- Parker, Sybil P (1992). McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology: An International Reference Work. New York: McGraw-Hill. p. 508. ISBN 0-07-909206-3.
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