Taka Bone Rate National Park
|Taka Bone Rate National Park|
|Governing body||Ministry of Forestry|
Taka Bone Rate is administered as part of Selayar Regency, South Sulawesi province. The atoll is located in Flores Sea, southeast off the coast from the southern "arms" of Sulawesi Island and to the east of Selayar island. It is located west of Wakatobi islands and far north of Komodo island across the Flores Sea. The nearest large city is Makassar, from where it can be reached in about 16 hours by boat.2
With an area of 530,765 hectares which has an atoll expanse of 220,000 hectares, Taka Bone Rate meaning 'coral islands over sand' is the biggest atoll in Indonesia,134 and Southeast Asia,5 and the third biggest in the world after Kwajalein Atoll and Suvadiva.6
The atoll consists of separate table reefs enclosing a lagoon filled with massive reefs.4 The atoll has around 20 islands,2 six of which are inhabited. There are 15 islands for diving and snorkelling.1
The natives of the atoll are the Bonerate people.7 They traditionally trade for fishery sea products from the Bajau in exchange for freshwater and other land suply. The Bonerate are predominantly Muslim, although with strong elements of traditional beliefs.
They speak the Bonerate language,8 a Celebic language, and like most languages of Indonesia part of the greater Austronesian languages. Their closest linguistic relations is with people in the neighbouring Buton, Wakatobi and Muna Island in Southeast Sulawesi. Most also speak Indonesian.
The atoll is of major ecological importance, with rich marine and bird life.6 The national park is considered to contain some of the world's highest marine biodiversity.9 According to the Indonesian Department of Forestry the atoll has 261 species of coral, 295 species of coral fish, 244 species of mollusc and other species such as hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata), Pacific ridley turtle (Lepidochelys olivacea), and green turtle (Chelonia mydas).1
- "Taka Bonerate National Park". Departemen Kehutanan (Indonesian Ministry of Forestry).
- Wells, Michael (1999). Investing in biodiversity: a review of Indonesiaʼs Integrated Conservation and Development Projects. World Bank Publications. p. 94.
- "Taka Bonerate offering an undersea paradise". January 3, 2012.
- Tomascik, Tomas (1997). The ecology of the Indonesian seas, Part 2. Tuttle Publishing. p. 762. ISBN 962-593-163-5.
- Allen, Gerald (2000). Marine Life of the Pacific and Indian Oceans. Tuttle Publishing. ISBN 962-593-948-2.
- Ver Berkmoes, Ryan (2010). Lonely Planet Indonesia. Lonely Planet. p. 670. ISBN 1-74104-830-3.
- "Bonerate of Indonesia". Joshua Project.
- Paul, Lewis M, (2009). "Bonerate. A language of Indonesia (Sulawesi)". Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Sixteenth edition. Dallas, Tex.: SIL International. Ethnologue.
- Kay, Robert C.; Jackie Alder (2005). Coastal planning and management. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 0-415-31772-X.